IUCN 指南:《确定其他有效区域保护措施(OECM)的在地指南》第一版
来源: | 作者: 保护地友好 | 发布时间 : 2023-08-20 | 192 次浏览 | 分享到:


《IUCN Guidlines: Site-level tool for identifying other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) : first edition》

《IUCN 指南:《确定其他有效区域保护措施(OECM)的在地指南》第一版》

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Other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) are sites outside protected areas that deliver effective and long-term in situ conservation of biodiversity. Biodiversity conservation may be the primary objective of the site, a secondary objective of a site that is managed for other purposes, or it may be an unintended consequence of the way the site is managed. OECMs may be governed and managed by governments, private entities or Indigenous peoples and local communities, or a combination of these. This tool guides an assessor through three steps to apply eight criteria which determine if a site qualifies as an OECM as set out under the Convention on Biological Diversity. For sites which do not currently meet all the criteria, the tool serves to highlight areas where further information or improvements in governance and management are required.

其他有效区域保护措施(OECM),是指自然保护地以外的区域,且在该区域能够采取措施对其生物多样性进行有效和长期的原位保护。生物多样性保护可能是该区域管理的主要目标,也可能是位列其他目标之后的次要目标,还有可能是区域管理之下的意外成果。OECM可以由政府、私人实体机构或当地土著及社区管理,也可以联合管理。该指南可通过运用三个步骤、八项标准,以确定一个区域是否符合《生物多样性公约》规定的OECM资格。若不符合所列标准,但却亟需完善信息或改进管理方式,这样的区域也可参考该指南。